What Is CBD Oil? | Benefits, Side Effects, Approved Products, And More
CBD is an acronym for cannabidiol. It is one of the numerous compounds found in the cannabis plant. These are the same plants popularly known as hemp, marijuana plants etc
CBD oil refers to CBD that would have been mixed with an inert carrier oil such as hemp seed oil or coconut oil. CBD oil is gradually finding its way into a variety of mainstream products ranging from tinctures and drops to CBD balms and CBD-infused edibles, and a wide range of topical as well.
Of late, there has been some controversy regarding the use of cannabis-based products like CBD oil. It because of the recreational use of marijuana. However, at the same time, there has been growing awareness associated with the possible health benefits of CBD oil.
CBD oil has been shown to treat chronic pain, reduce anxiety and stimulate the appetite. The oil is also fast becoming popular amongst pet owners who desire to help them lead healthier lives.
A Brief History of CBD Oil & Its Current Status In Modern Era
At the dawn of the twentieth century, as medicines such as opioids began to be developed, the use of cannabis-based preparations began to experience a sharp decline. However, numerous medications that combined cannabis with other pharmaceuticals in everything from cough syrup to sleeping aids were developed.
In the late 1930s, the cultivation of cannabis became illegal as lawmakers tightened screws around the product. By the late 1960s, the mysteries of cannabinoids, including CBD, began to surface as researchers discovered the crucial role that the human endocannabinoid system played in maintaining a sound health.
In 1970, being found with any form of cannabis was declared illegal by the Controlled Substances Act. It categorized cannabis – including both hemp and marijuana, under Schedule I substances that have no medicinal benefits and carried a high risk of dependence.
However, as the 1970s lapsed, cannabis once again to be used for medicinal purposes. Fast forward to 1996, the state of California legalized the use of cannabis-based medicines for particular health conditions despite the federal ban.
Over the past few decades, there has been an exponential rise in the field of research on the health benefits associated with hemp-derived CBD and other cannabinoids. The cannabinoid is fast gaining wide acceptance in the United States as a result of mainstream media coverage by renowned medical experts such as Dr.Sanjay Gupta.
In the present day, CBD oil is accessible to most people in the United States, and research into the effects of CBD interaction with the human body has risen significantly. Cutting edge technological tools have availed methods for refining and isolating hemp-derived CBD. They have even increased the bioavailability of CBD oil through methods such as nanoemulsions. These enhance CBD’s water solubility and increase its potency.
The demand for CBD is growing exponentially. Sales are expected to strike the $1 billion mark in the next few years.
Legal Aspects of CBD Oil in the USA (Present)
Straightly speaking, the legal status of CBD lies in the gray zone. The substance is amidst the center of a sophisticated legal morass that is in constant flux.CBD, a derivative of hemp, is legal in the United States, but under specific tight conditions.
What Does The Federal Law Say About CBD?
The United States government recognizes two forms of Cannabis sativa, namely marijuana and hemp. Hemp refers to the least processed form of the cannabis plant. It contains high levels of CBD or cannabidiol –the component in cannabis that is known for its health benefits, and trace amounts of THC, or delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, the psychoactive compound in cannabis that causes the ‘high’ feeling.
On the other hand, marijuana is increasingly being bred to contain higher levels of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which sometimes is above 30%, and lower levels of CBD, typically below 0.2%.
The Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, also known as the Farm Bill, legalized cannabidiol derived from hemp and does not exceed 0.3% THC content by dry weight. CBD derived from marijuana is illegal under the Controlled Substances Act. The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) categorizes marijuana as a Schedule I drug. It implies that it considers the substance to serve no medicinal purposes and has a high potential for abuse.
The Farm Bill provides strict guidelines on the production of hemp and the THC content. A CBD product that contains the legal amount of THC but was not grown by a licensed producer is illegal.
What Do State Laws Say About CBD?
Even though hemp-derived cannabidiol is federally legal, most states and cities are still amending their laws so that they are in sync with federal regulations. The most effective way to establish whether CBD products are legal in a particular jurisdiction is to familiarize yourself with the local cannabis laws.
There are also organizations such as the National Conference of State, the National Organization for Reform of Marijuana Laws, and the Marijuana Policy Project that maintain databases and interactive visualizations that enable people to remain updated on the developments occurring in each state.
Finding Approved CBD Products
Finding legal CBD products can be a daunting task because federal and local laws regarding the substance are still being worked out. It is paramount that one conducts due diligence when checking product labels and manufactures’ websites to verify authenticity. There are several crucial product aspects that one must look out for. These are described below.
Origin of Hemp
It is recommended that one looks for products that are manufactured from hemp that is grown in the United States. Hemp that is grown in other countries usually falls short of the nation’s production rules and regulations.
Certificate of Analysis
The Certificate of Analysis, abbreviated COA, displays the results of the independent lab tests that check for parameters. These include potency and contaminants. It is vital to verify that the batch number on the certificate of analysis matches the number on the products’ label or packaging. For example, Indiana requires that all CBD products include a QR code on their label that allows customers to download the COA on their mobile phones.
When checking the certificate of analysis, it is paramount to ensure that the laboratory that conducted the checks meets the ISO 17025 requirements. Also, the testing methods should have been validated by at least one of the three national regulatory organizations namely: the American Herbal Pharmacopoeia, the Association of Official Agricultural Chemists, or the U.S Pharmacopeia.
The certificate of analysis should also confirm that the product contains the amount of THC and CBD showed on its label both in total and by dose.
It is recommended to avoid the products of manufacturers who do not have such information or are unwilling to display it. It is not only crucial in keeping you from breaking the law by buying it, but research has also shown that some CBD products are mislabeled. Therefore, you could be getting a product with THC levels that exceed the one you require or that are below it.
Types of CBD Oil You Can Find Today.
There are three main types of CBD oil available today. These are full-spectrum CBD, broad-spectrum CBD, and isolate CBD.
This type is one of the most common types of CBD oil. Full-spectrum CBD oil implies that the oil contains more than just cannabidiol. It will be having several terpenes, and other cannabinoids such as CBDA, CBG, CBA, and THC. All CBD oils containing not more than 0.3% are legal. The greatest advantage of full-spectrum CBD oil is that these other cannabinoids work synergistically to provide a well-rounded effect.
Broad-Spectrum CBD Oil
Broad-spectrum CBD oil is quite similar to full-spectrum CBD oil. It also contains more terpenes and cannabinoids than just cannabidiol, except for delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). All the THC will have been chemically removed from the substance. However, this significantly weakens the overall effect of the product. This forces users to take higher doses and also experience fewer benefits.
CBD Isolate Oil
CBD isolate oil is different from both broad-spectrum and full-spectrum CBD oil. CBD isolate refers to the substance in its purest form. The substance is free of all other terpenes and cannabinoids. The advantage of CBD isolates oil is that it is very powerful and it only requires taking a small amount for it to be effective.
Hemp Oil vs CBD Oil: What Is The Difference?
When it comes to Hemp oil vs CBD oil, the two differ in that they are extracted from different parts of the plant. CBD oil is extracted from the trichomes of the leaves, whereas, on the other hand, hemp oil is extracted from hemp seeds.
The other major difference between the two lies in their composition. Hemp oil contains little to no CBD content. It is why most people use hemp seed oil as a dietary supplement and a beauty product. On the other hand, CBD oil contains a wide array of different compounds.
The Real Benefits of using CBD Oil
Numerous benefits have been known to be associated with the use of CBD oil. The product has been shown to help reduce anxiety and depression – which are some of the leading causes of disability worldwide according to the World Health Organization. CBD oil is also known to be an effective treatment against chronic pain and inflammation. Furthermore, the product is used in the treatment of epilepsy.
Story Behind The Use of CBD Oil In Pets And Animals
It is also worth highlighting that CBD oil has not only been able to benefit humans alone. The product is known to help pets and animals with a myriad of benefits for their well-being. CBD oil helps pets and animals to recover from chronic pain, inflammation, seizure disorders, anxiety, and so on. As research around this area grew, there has been a sharp increase in the number of manufacturers producing CBD products in the form of treats for the benefit of animals.
Speaking of Using CBD Oil: How Do You Dose?
The amount of CBD oil that one takes is dependent on a wide range of factors. These include body weight, body chemistry, health condition, and so on. In other words, several variables should be factored in before one decides on how much CBD he/she should take. It is recommended that you visit your doctor so that you are told the appropriate dosage that you should take and its potential effects. If your doctor advises you on a particular dosage, you must adhere to it. Such a move is particularly crucial, especially if you are taking CBD-based medication as Epidiolex, which is used to treat seizures.
However, generally, the daily dosing for humans can range anywhere between 5mg to 25mg. In the absence of the doctor’s recommendation, it is advised that one starts with a smaller dosage, and increase it regularly up, maybe by 5mg, until when you feel that it is effectively treating your symptoms. It is paramount to keep the quantities of CBD that you are taking.
When it comes to pets and animals, CBD oil doing is dependent on weight. The general rule of thumb is, to begin with, 1-2mg for every 10 pounds of weight.
What Are The Negatives of Using CBD Oil?
Despite the several advantages that come with the usage of CBD, the substance also has its negative effects. These can vary from person to person. Research has shown that CBD oil can trigger dry mouth, changes in mood, diarrhea, dizziness, nausea, and changes in appetite. CBD oil may also be associated with an increase in liver enzymes. Individuals with liver conditions should use CBD oil with caution. It is also paramount to highlight that the use of CBD should be avoided during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
If you are considering using CBD oil in the treatment of a medical condition, then you must speak to your doctor to ensure that it is the right option for you.
As discussed above, numerous advantages are associated with the use of CBD oil. The product is known for its health benefits. However, this does not warrant that people become ignorant of potential side effects of cbd itself. You must find as much information about the CBD oil brand you intend to take as possible before you do.